In our daily routine there is an importance of every work such as getting up before the sunrise, taking water an empty stomach , going to get fresh, brushing teeth, taking bath and so on. But one of them is very important and if we do not include that in our daily routine life then we are not justifying with us. That important routine work is the taking exercise daily. If we take healthy and nutritious diet but neither taking exercise nor practising Yoga then we can’t get the true benefits of taking nutritious diet and doing our another daily routine works . Charaka writes in Charaka Samhita , ‘ व्यायाम: स्थैर्यकराणाम् ‘ means ‘Taking exercise daily is the best way to be strong.’

In Ayurveda it is described as ‘ Vyayama’ Taking exercise is Vyayama. Now we would like to define Vyayama. Sushruta writes ,” शरीरायासजनकं कर्म व्यायामसंज्ञितम्” means the activity which produces diligence is Vyayama( Exercise) In dhanurveda it is written , ‘ आयामो विविधोSगांनां व्यायाम इति कीर्तित: ‘ means the extension or dimensions of various parts of the body is Vyayama (taking exercise)

The definition of Vyayama by Sushruta tells the effect of it on the body after practising while on the other hand the definition by Dhanurveda tells what vyayama is. Taking exercise according to our capacity is beneficial for our health. Sushruta says after taking exercise complete massage must be done comfortably. Physical exercise must be taken in the half proportion of the power of our body. Now , here is a question what is the symptom of half of our body power ? Taking physical exercise when our forehead, armpits, hands, feet begin to perspire and our mouth starts to dry , these are the symptoms that we should stop our physical exercise. Having the following points in our mind we shout take exercise :

  • Age
  • Strength
  • Physique
  • Place
  • Season and
  • Diet

We will have to face diseases if we take exercise without having the above point in our mind.

Charaka says in Charaka Samhita Sootrasthana 7/31 The activitiy which is loving to us and is practised for the stability and strength of the body is physical exercise. Physical exercise must be stopped just before getting tired. This is the appropriate quantum of physical exercise for us.

Virtues :

Taking exercise according to self capacity the following things can be achieved –

  • Bodily nourishment
  • Gracefulness
  • Symmetrical growth
  • Improvement of appetite
  • Agility
  • Firmness
  • Lightness
  • Lust
  • Getting power of bearing labour, weariness, thirst, heat and cold
  • Sound health

If a person takes exercise regularly looks charming in spite the lack of handsomeness, age and virtues. Taking exercise is always beneficial for the person who is strong and takes emollient diet. Taking physical exercise is the best way to loose weight for an obese person.

Charaka writes , Any activity which is done in excess interrupts age and power. If we take physical exercise in excess beyond our physical capacity then we may be trapped by the following diseases :

  • Consumption
  • Thirst
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting
  • Haemorrhagic disorders
  • Vertigo
  • Fatigue
  • cough
  • Phthisis
  • Fever
  • Asthma

Not only taking exercise excessively but also excess of laughing loudly, speaking loudly, walking on foot, sex and awaking till late night must not be done since all these works are very bad for health.

Contraindications :

Physical exercise must not be taken by the the persons who are suffering from the following diseases –

  • Haemorrhagic disorders
  • Cachexia
  • Phthisis
  • Asthma
  • Cough
  • After taking food
  • Thirst and
  • Vertigo

Today it’s matter of very satisfaction and pleasure that there is an atmosphere of health awareness. Youngsters use to go to gyms . Regularity is the most important thing in every matter. We should avoid the synthetic food supplements to gain our body weight. We must take nutritious diet. Consulting an Ayurveda expert we may take herbal preparations but these days the market is flooded with weight gaining products in which there is a very little part of herbs. Steroids must not be taken at any cost since they are very dangerous to our health. Once we can easily gain our body weight but as we stop their use we will loose our weight. The side effects of those steroids will have to be beard by us throughout our life. So, as we walk along with nature we will enjoy our life with great happiness till hundreds of years.